Archivo por años: 2008

Solución del ejercicio de Reported Speech V

He aquí la forma correcta de pasar a Reported Speech las oraciones interrogativas del ejercicio que te ofrecimos anteriormente:

    1. My husband asked me what the dentist had told me to do.
    1. My friend asked me if I had taken photographs during my trip.
    1. Alice’s brother asked what the bags contained.
    1. My wife asked me if I would visit my mother.
    1. Brian’s father asked him impatiently where he had been hiding.
    1. The pupils asked when the results would be announced.
    1. My friend asked me if he had given me the money at once.
    1. Susan’s mother asked me where Mrs. Hawkins had opened her third bakery.
    1. I asked Peter where his father was at that moment.
  1. The teacher asked Tom what he would do the following year.

    1. My grandfather asked my brother who had damaged the piano.
    1. The journalist asked the leader when the workers would go on strike.
    1. The neighbour asked my mother where she had gone on Christmas’ Eve.
    1. Mr. James asked the secretary what the lady’s name was.
    1. The taxidriver asked me how far away my house was.
    1. The teacher asked the pupils if they had finished the exercises.
    1. The coach asked me how many miles I had walked the day before.
    1. Peter asked John what the secretary had asked him.
    1. Jenifer asked Susan why she had said that she was busy.
  1. The lady asked the stewardess where the plane from Paris had arrived.

Ejercicios: Reported Speech V (Lenguaje Indirecto)

Aquí tienes más oraciones interrogativas para pasar a Reported Speech. Te recomendamos que verifiques el buen empleo de los tiempos verbales.

    1. «What did the dentist tell you to do?», my husband asked me.
    1. «Did you take photographs during your trip?», my friend asked me.
    1. «What do the bags contain?», Alice’s brother asked.
    1. «Will you visit your mother?», my wife asked me.
    1. «Where have you been hiding?», Brian’s father asked him impatiently.
    1. «When will the results be announced?», the pupils asked.
    1. «Did he give you the money at once?», my friend asked me.
    1. «Where has Mrs. Hawkins opened her third bakery?», Susan’s mother asked me.
    1. «Where is your father now?», I asked Peter.
  1. «What will you do next year?», the teacher asked Tom.

    1. «Who damaged the piano?», my grandfather asked my brother.
    1. «When will the workers go on strike?», the journalist asked the leader.
    1. «Where did you go on Christmas’ Eve?», the neighbour asked my mother.
    1. «What is the lady’s name?», Mr. James asked the secretary.
    1. «How far away is your house?», the taxidriver asked me.
    1. «Have you finished the exercises?», the teacher asked the pupils.
    1. «How many miles did you walk yesterday?», the coach asked me.
    1. «What did the secretary asked you?», Peter asked John.
    1. «Why did you say that you was busy?», Jenifer asked Susan.
  1. «Where did the plane from Paris arrive?», the lady asked the stewardess.


Solución del ejercicio de Reported Speech II

¿Ya has realizado este ejercicio?… Pues bien, controla que hayas pasado las siguientes frases a Reported Speech de la manera correcta:

    1. My sister said that she was going to buy a new pair of boots.
    1. The man told the receptionist that his wife was wearing a red dress and a big hat.
    1. The witness told the policeman that the driver had tried to stop the car.
    1. I answered that I had enjoyed the opera very much.
    1. The assistant said that it was a beautiful model.
    1. My son said that Peter never came to his birthday party.
    1. My wife told the salesman that we had been there for half an hour.
    1. My mother told me that I would be a good wife to some lucky man.
    1. I said that I coul not believe him.
  1. I said that he was going to open the front door.

    1. I answered that the parcel contained a birthday gift.
    1. My friend told me that he had spent two hours a day talking to me.
    1. My father said that there was not enough money in his wallet.
    1. I said that we had lost our way.
    1. The secretary said that she had made a terrible mistake.
    1. My mother told my friend Anne that she supposed she was at the supermarket.
    1. The capitan said that the ship would sailed at midnight.
    1. I answered that the policeman was writing in a notebook.
    1. Brian said that it was a good idea.
  1. My wife and my daughter said that they prefered to stay at home.

Reported Speech: Oraciones Interrogativas

Ya hemos visto como se convierte una oración afirmativa de Lenguaje Directo a Lenguaje Indirecto y ahora te proponemos que observes como se pasa una oración interrogativa a Reported Speech.

Para ello debemos utilizar el mismo orden gramatical, es decir que se coloca el sujeto después del verbo, pero sin la necesidad de utilizar los auxiliares DO o DID. También vale la pena aclarar que para introducir el lenguaje indirecto emplearemos el verbo ask (preguntar). Vemos ahora algunos ejemplos:

Where does Peter study?, my sister asked me.
(Lenguaje Directo)
¿Dónde estudia Peter?, mi hermana me preguntó.

My sister asked me where Peter studied.
(Lenguaje Indirecto)
Mi hermana me preguntó donde estudiaba Peter.

When did you travel to Europe?, my neighbour asked me.
(Lenguaje Directo)
¿Cuándo viajaste a Europa?, mi vecina me preguntó.

My neighbour asked me when I had travelled to Europe.
(Lenguaje Indirecto)
Mi vecina me preguntó cuando yo había viajado a Europa.


Reported Speech: Lenguaje Indirecto

Hablaremos en esta oportunidad de una estructura gramatical muy utilizada en el idioma inglés que se emplea cuando queremos contar o hacer referencia sobre algo que otra persona a dicho con anticipación.

Este recurso recibe el nombre de Reported Speech (Lenguaje Indirecto) y veremos a continuación un ejemplo:

«I go to school everyday», Alice said. (Lenguaje Directo)
«Yo voy a la escuela todos los días», dijo Alicia.

Alice said that she went to school everyday.(Lenguaje Indirecto)
Alicia dijo que ella fue a la escuela todos los días.

Para poder convertir una oración de Lenguaje Directo a Indirecto podemos introducir la frase utilizando diferentes verbos como por ejemplo: answer (responder), suggest (sugerir), explain (explicar), say (decir),tell (contar), promise (prometer).

También debemos tener en cuenta que si la oración en Lenguaje Directo se encuentra en Presente Simple, al pasarla a Lenguaje Indirecto no es necesario cambiar el tiempo verbal. En otros casos, al convertir una oración a Reported Speech el verbo principal retrocede un tiempo verbal como muestra el siguiente cuadro:

Lenguaje Directo Lenguaje Indirecto
Presente Simple
I go to the school
Presente Simple /
Pasado Simple
He said that he goes to the school
He said that he went to the school
Presente Continuo
I am going to the school
Pasado Continuo
He said that he was going to the school
Pasado Simple
I went to the school
Pasado Perfecto
He said that he had gone to the school
Presente Perfecto
I have gone to the school
Pasado Perfecto
He said that he has gone to the school
Presente Perfecto Continuo
I have been going to the school
Pasado Perfecto Continuo
He said that he had been going to the school
Futuro Simple
I will go to the school
Condicional Simple
He said that he would go to the school
Futuro Perfecto
I will have gone to the school
Condicional Perfecto
He said that he would have gone to the school

En el caso de utilizar verbos modales los cambios a realizar son los siguientes:

Lenguaje Directo Lenguaje Indirecto
I can study the lesson
He said that he could study the lesson
I may study the lesson
He said that he might study the lesson
I will study the
He said that he would study the lesson
I must study the lesson
He said that he had to study the lesson
Algo que debemos tener en cuenta es que cuando utilizamos algunas palabras indicadoras de lugar y de tiempo es necesario que se cambien adecuándolas al sentido y al tiempo de la oración como por ejemplo:

Lenguaje Directo Lenguaje Indirecto
now at that moment / then
today that day
last night the night before
tonight that night
this afternoon that afternoon
this month that month
next week the following week
here there
next year the year after

Ejercicios: Reported Speech II (Lenguaje Indirecto)

En esta oportunidad te ofrecemos más oraciones afirmativas para que ejercites lo aprendido sobre Reported Speech. Recuerda que al pasarlas a Lenguaje Indirecto debes respetar los tiempos verbales aprendidos:

    1. «I am going to buy a new pair of boots», my sister said.
    1. «My wife is wearing a red dress and a big hat», the man told the receptionist.
    1. «The driver tried to stop the car», the witness told the policeman.
    1. «I enjoyed the opera very much», I answered.
    1. «It is a beautiful model», the assistant said.
    1. «Peter never comes to my birthday party», my son said.
    1. «We have been here for half an hour», my wife told the salesman.
    1. «You will be a good wife to some lucky man», my mother told me.
    1. «I can’t believe you!», I said.
  1. «He is going to open the front door», I said.

    1. «The parcel contains a birthday gift», I answered.
    1. «I spent two hours a day talking to you», my friend told me.
    1. «There isn’t enough money in my wallet», my father said.
    1. «We have lost our way», I said.
    1. «I have made a terrible mistake», the secretary said.
    1. «I suppose she is at the supermarket», my mother told my friend Anne.
    1. «The ship will sail at midnight», the capitan said.
    1. «The policeman is writing in a notebook», I answered.
    1. «That is a good idea!», Brian said.
  1. «We prefer to stay at home», my wife and my daughter said.


Solución del ejercicio de revisión: Tiempos Verbales III

¿Has completado la siguiente carta colocando los verbos que se encuentran entre paréntesis en el tiempo verbal que corresponde?… Verifica si lo has realizado correctamente con las siguientes respuestas:

Dear John:

Well, I arrived safely two weeks ago. The flight was fine,

but a bit long. I have watched two films and eaten two


Thank you for everything. I had a really good time with

you in London. Everything here is very different from

your city. I am writing this letter outside in the garden

and I am sitting under a big umbrella because the sun is

very hot today.

It was difficult for me to start work after my holiday, but

it is ok now. I have just sent you some photos of my


Please reply me soon, and thank you again for the

wonderful time. Best wishes! Peter

Solución del ejercicio de Reported Speech IV

Tras haber ejercitado sobre Reported Speech en oraciones afirmativas seguramente ya has comenzado con el siguiente ejercicio de frases interrogativas. Aquí te ofrecemos la manera correcta de pasarlas Lenguaje Indirecto:

  1. My father asked my brother if there was any petrol in the tank.
  2. My boss asked me what time I had got to the office.
  3. The receptionist asked me if I could see that notice.
  4. The teacher asked us what we were doing there.
  5. My husband asked what was for dinner.
  6. The secretary asked if the boss was angry.
  7. The policeman asked who had a gun.
  8. Miss Thompson asked who was speaking.
  9. My sister asked my mother if the dog had eaten the coockies.
  10. My friend asked if I had enjoyed the film the night before.

  1. Alice asked Margaret where she had got those socks.
  2. John asked if Frank wanted to go to the cinema.
  3. The neighbour asked if I would buy a new car.
  4. The stewardess asked if I had been on an aeroplane before.
  5. My grandmother asked me what I had done the day before.
  6. The journalist asked if the police had found the lost van.
  7. My friend asked me if my mother had believed me.
  8. Tom’s mother asked him why he had not gone to school the week before.
  9. I asked John if he had been on holiday.
  10. Mr. Hopkins asked what the name of the village was.

Ejercicios: Reported Speech III (Lenguaje Indirecto)

Te proponemos que continúes ejercitando lo aprendido sobre Reported Speech pasando las siguientes oraciones afirmativas a Lenguaje Indirecto:

  1. «I can’t drink this coffee!», I exclaimed.
  2. «You will miss the train!», my mother told me.
  3. «I forgot her name», my boss told me.
  4. «He needs a new coat», the lady said.
  5. «Tommy isn’t at home now!», his mother told me.
  6. «They will spend their holidays abroad this year», the man explained.
  7. «The operation has been successful», the doctor told us.
  8. «We bought the tickets a long time ago», my neighbours said.
  9. «I like to stay at home during the weekend», my friend suggested.
  10. «The bus will arrive in a few minutes», the voice said.

  1. «I have ordered some soup for you», my husband told me.
  2. «I don’t want to disturb him», I explained.
  3. «I didn’t like your work», the manager told me.
  4. «It is raining heavily!», I said.
  5. «He isn’t realizing that he is making a big mistake», I thought.
  6. «I have just finished my homework», my son said.
  7. «The workers are on strike again», the newspaper said.
  8. «Someone is knocking the door!», my father shouted.
  9. «I am going to take a rest now», my friend’s mother answered.
  10. «John did me a big favour», Larice said.

Ejercicios: Reported Speech IV (Lenguaje Indirecto)

Seguramente ya has ejercitado lo aprendido sobre Reported Speech en oraciones afirmativas. Ahora te proponemos que pases las siguientes oraciones interrogativas a Lenguaje Indirecto:

  1. «Is there any petrol in the tank?», my father asked my brother.
  2. «What time did you get to the office?», my boss asked me.
  3. «Can you see that notice?», the receptionist asked me.
  4. «What are you doing here?», the teacher asked us.
  5. «What’s for dinner?», my husband asked.
  6. «Was the boss angry?», the secretary asked.
  7. «Who has a gun?», the policeman asked.
  8. «Who is speaking?», Miss Thompson asked.
  9. «Did the dog eat the coockies?», my sister asked my mother.
  10. «Did you enjoy the film last night?, my friend asked.

  1. «Where did you get those socks?», Alice asked Margaret.
  2. «Does Frank want to go to the cinema?, John asked.
  3. «Will you buy a new car?», the neighbour asked.
  4. «Have you been on an aeroplane before?», the stewardess asked.
  5. «What did you do yesterday?», my grandmother asked me.
  6. «Did the police find the lost van?», the journalist asked.
  7. «Did your mother believe you?», my friend asked me.
  8. «Why didn’t you go to school last week?», Tom’s mother asked him.
  9. «Have you been on holiday?, I asked John.
  10. «What is the name of the village?», Mr. Hopkins asked.